Integration dynamics within the Association: conclusions and recommendations
The main essence of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (hereinafter – DCFTA) and the AA, in general, is a unilateral regulatory approximation in exchange for economic integration. According to the AA, Ukraine is obliged to adopt and implement the acquis – EU legislative norms, rules and technical standards.
As the relevant AA provisions provide for the gradual opening of the EU Internal Market in the future, thus they lay down the dynamics of AA implementation. These dynamics, however, are not automatic: it depends on Ukraine’s progress in its ‘homework’ of regulatory approximation.
The AA does not specify the timeframes when the EU should decide on the integration of Ukraine into its domestic market in a given sector but as a rule contains sufficiently clear timeframes by which Ukraine has to fulfil its ‘homework’ in a sector – after which it is logical to expect the EU decision to follow soon.
Thus, calculating from the start of provisional application of DCFTA provisions on 1 January 2016, in accordance with the timeframes foreseen in the AA, as of the beginning of 2019 Ukraine should have implemented its commitments in at least four sectors. Thus, there must have been already created conditions for the EU decisions to integrate Ukraine into the Internal Market in these sectors, namely: conclusion of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA); Ukraine’s joining the two Conventions on customs; granting of internal market treatment in postal and courier services; and partial opening of the public
This publication is a part of the policy paper “Integration within Association: implementation dynamics of the EU-Ukraine Agreement”. The policy paper is available in Ukrainian and English languages.